The Basic Law HSAR

The Basic Law is the constitutional document for the HKSAR. It enshrines within a legal document the important concepts of “One Country, Two Systems”, “a high degree of autonomy” and “Hong Kong People administering Hong Kong”. It also prescribes the various systems to be practised in the HKSAR and outlines the development blueprint. The Basic Law comprises a total of nine chapters with 160 articles and three additional Annex, which sets out the method for the selection of the Chief Executive, the formation of the Legislative Council and its voting procedures, as well as the national laws to be applied in Hong Kong.

The Basic Law was drafted by a Committee composed of members from both Hong Kong and the Mainland. A Basic Law Consultative Committee formed purely by Hong Kong people was established in 1985 to canvass views in Hong Kong on the drafts. The first draft was published in April 1988, followed by a five-month public consultation exercise. The second draft was published in February 1989, and the subsequent consultation period ended in October 1989. The Basic Law was formally promulgated on 4 April 1990 by the NPC, together with the designs for the flag and emblem of the HKSAR.

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